Volume 2, Number 3 (12-2016)                   rsj 2016, 2(3): 48-58 | Back to browse issues page


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mansourian M. Survey of smoking pattern according to stage of change model in smokers of Ilam city in 2014.. rsj. 2016; 2 (3) :48-58
URL: http://rsj.iums.ac.ir/article-1-53-en.html

Abstract:   (278 Views)

Background and objective: Smoking is one of the factors for increase the total burden of disease that annually causes 4 million deaths in the world. The aim of this study was survey of smoking pattern according to stage of change model in smokers of Ilam city in 2014.

Method:

This was a descriptive study on 400 smokers in the city of Ilam Purposive sampling was performed. The survey instrument was a questionnaire included: demographic questionnaire, change process Dyklmnth and inventory change processes. After getting the consent of the participants the questionnaire distributed between participants. After data collection the data entered to the SPSS software and analysis by using descriptive and analytical test.

Results:

The mean age of participants was 37.77± 14.57 years. The mean age of starting smoking was 23±2.21 years and the minimum age for starting smoking was 10 years old. With respect to the change more than half 52.8% of the participants were at the stage of preparation. The data also indicate that the use of cognitive processes in stages of  preparation, action and maintenance are more than pre-contemplation and contemplation. Also behavioral processes in the action and maintenance stages was higher than other stages.

Conclusion:

Given that more than half of the participants were in stage of preparation to change and begin the process of quitting smoking. It seems that performing interventional program for these participants can help them to quit smoking.

Keywords: smoking, stage of change, smokers

Full-Text [PDF 586 kb]   (81 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2016/10/25 | Accepted: 2016/12/20 | Published: 2016/12/20

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